Key themes & outcomes
Welcome to the DJB page on COP27, with a recap of each day at the Sharm El-Sheikh Conference and opinion and insights on the key themes and outcomes of the event.
COP26, held in Glasgow last year, saw the 196 countries that are party to the Paris Agreement formally agree that “the impacts of climate change will be much lower at the temperature increase of 1.5°C compared with 2°C, and resolve to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C”.
Momentum was generated and there was a positive outlook about finding solutions. The world has changed significantly since then though, not least because of Russia invading Ukraine. We have seen an energy and food crisis develop, with inflation rates and the cost-of-living spiralling. At the same time, we have witnessed some extreme weather this year with record breaking heatwaves and wildfires in Europe and the United States, a terrible drought in Africa and the devastating floods in Pakistan. Nations have the difficult job of balancing their need to prioritise energy security by, for example, increasing the lifelines of coal and nuclear power stations with driving down their Carbon production. One of the key objectives of COP27 was to help nations achieve that balance, ensuring that climate change commitments remain on track.